Desiccant

Diaryl ethers and processes for their preparation and herbicidal and desiccant compositions containing them

Desiccant Abstract
Diaryl ether compounds useful in the control of weeds are described. An exemplary compound is represented by the general formula (I): ##STR1## In this formula Q is represented by Q.sub.1 ##STR2## X and Y represent a hydrogen atom, halogen atom, cyano group, nitro group or (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl group; R.sub.1 is halogen; R.sub.2 and R.sub.3 represent a hydrogen atom, a (C.sub.1-6)alkyl group or a (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl group . Methods of making the compounds are also described.

Desiccant Claims
What is claimed is:

4. A process for producing a compound represented by the formula (I) in claim 1 or its salt, wherein X, Y, Z, Q, R.sub.1, R.sub.2, R.sub.3 and Ar are as defined therein which comprises reacting a compound represented by the formula: ##STR37##

with a compound of the formula: Ar-Hal wherein Hal is a halogen atom, in the presence of a base.

5. A process for producing a compound represented by the formula (I) in claim 1 wherein R.sub.3 is (C.sub.1-6)alkyl or (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl or its salt, wherein Q, X, Y, Z, R.sub.1, R.sub.2, and Ar are as defined therein, which comprises reacting a compound represented by the formula: ##STR38##

wherein Q' is Q.sub.1 and R.sub.3 is hydrogen;

with a compound of the formula: R.sub.3 '-Hal wherein Hal is a halogen atom, and R.sub.3 ' is (C.sub.1-6)_alkyl or (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl; in the presence of a base.

6. A herbicidal composition characterized in that it contains at least one compound or its salt according to claim 1.

7. A herbicidal composition which comprises an effective amount of a compound or its salt of claim 1 and an agricultural adjuvant.

8. A method for controlling weeds, which comprises applying to the locus to be protected a herbicidally effective amount of a compound or its salt of claim 1.

9. A method for controlling weeds in a corn field which comprises applying a herbicidally effective amount of a compound or its salt of claim 1 to the corn field.

10. A method for controlling weeds in a soybean field which comprises applying a herbicidally effective amount of a compound or its salt of claim 1 to the soybean field.

11. A method for controlling weeds, which comprises applying to the locus to be protected a herbicidally effective amount of a compound or its salt of claim 1 in combination with another herbicide for providing an additive or synergistic herbicidal effect.

12. A method for controlling weeds of claim 8 wherein a compound or its salt of claim 1 is applied to soil as a preemergent herbicide.

13. A method for controlling weeds of claim 8 wherein a compound or its salt of claim 1 is applied to plant foliage.

14. A method for controlling weeds of claim 11, wherein the another herbicide is an acetanilide, or a sulfonylurea.

15. A method to desiccate a plant which comprises applying to the plant a compound or its salt of claim 1.

16. A method to desiccate a plant of claim 15 wherein the plant to which the compound or its salt is applied is a potato plant or a cotton plant.

17. A method for controlling weeds in a wheat field which comprises applying a herbicidally effective amount of a compound or its salt of claim 1 to the wheat field.

Medical Supplies Patent

Description
TECHNICAL FIELD

A class of diaryl ethers and compositions thereof which are useful in the control of weeds is of the general formula ##STR3##

wherein

X, Y are hydrogen, halogen, cyano, nitro, or (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl;

Z is oxygen or sulfur,

Q is selected from ##STR4##

Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or heteroaryl ring; When Q is Q.sub.3 or Q.sub.6, substituted phenyl is excluded.

BACKGROUND ART

Various substituted phenyl ethers (I.sup.1) are known in the literature. ##STR5##

Q may be pyrazole, imidazole, imidazolidine-2,4-dione, triazolinone, tetrazolinone, aminouracil, etc. R may be hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl. U.S. Pat. No. 5,496,956 discloses arylpyrazoles with the R group selected from propargyl, allyl, or substituted alkyl. JP 6,256,312 discloses phenylimidazoles with the R group selected from hydrogen, (C.sub.1-10 akyl, (C.sub.1-5)haloalkyl, (C.sub.3-5)alkenyl, (C.sub.3-5)alkynyl, or (C.sub.3-6) cloalkyl. U.S. Pat. No. 5,125,958 discloses triazolinones with the R group selected from substituted phenyl group. JP 57,197,268 discloses hydantoins with the R group selected lower alkyl. U.S. Pat. No. 4,902,337 discloses hydantoins with the R group selected from hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl. JP 525173 discloses pyrimidinediones with the R group selected from hydrogen, (C.sub.1-10)alkyl, (C.sub.1-5)haloalkyl, (C.sub.3-5)alkenyl, (C.sub.3-5)alkynyl, or (C.sub.3-6)cycloalkyl, U.S. Pat. No. 4,985,065 discloses phenyltetrazolinones with the R group selected from substituted phenyl group. No heteroaryl derivatives were claimed as R. WO 9,602,523 discloses substituted aryliminothiadiazoles with the R group selected from hydrogen, alkyl, cycloalkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl. U.S. Pat. No. 4,452,981 discloses phenylurazoles with the R group selected from (C.sub.1-3)alkyl, allyl, or propargyl. EP-A-517181(which corresponds to U.S. Pat. No. 5,280,010) discloses ammouracil compounds wherein Q is amino uracil and R is a lower alkyl group. WO96/07323 and WO96/08151 disclose some known uracil compounds. In WO96/08151 the generic representation is significantly broader than the disclosures set forth in it, and in the prior art patents. The specific aminouracil compounds of the formula (I) mentioned below are not known and are novel.

The present invention reveals that some diaryl ethers represented by the general formula (I) or their salts have a potent herbicidal activity with good crop safety.

DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION

The need continues for novel and improved herbicidal compounds and compositions. This invention relates to novel diaryl ethers, compositions comprising diaryl ethers, and the use of diaryl ethers and compositions thereof as broad spectrum herbicides which are effective against both monocot and dicot weed species in preemergence and postemergence application and are sometimes safe to crops. The compounds and compositions of the present invention can also be sometimes used as desiccants. This invention also includes methods of preparing these compounds and intermediates thereof as well as methods of using the compound as herbicides.

This invention relates to diaryl ether compounds having the general formula I and their salts ##STR6##

wherein

X, Y are independently hydrogen, halogen, cyano, nitro, or (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl and

Z is oxygen or sulfur and

Q is selected from ##STR7##

R.sub.1 is halogen;

R.sub.2, R.sub.3, R.sub.4 and R.sub.5 are independently hydrogen, (C.sub.1-6)alkyl, or (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl;

When R.sub.3 and R.sub.5 are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached, they represent a four to seven membered substituted or unsubstituted ring optionally interrupted by O, S(O).sub.n or N--R.sub.4, and optionally substituted with one to three (C.sub.1-6)alkyl group or one or more halogen atoms;

R.sub.6 is hydrogen, (C.sub.1-6)alkyl, (C.sub.2-6)alkenyl, (C.sub.2-6)alkynyl, (C.sub.1-6)haloalkyl, (C.sub.2-6)haloalkenyl, (C.sub.2-6)haloalkynyl, (C.sub.1-6)cyanoalkyl, (C.sub.1-6)alkoxy-(C.sub.1-6)alkyl, or (C.sub.1-6)alkylthio-(C.sub.1-6)alkyl;

A.sub.1 and A.sub.2 are independently oxygen or sulfur;

B is CH or N;

R.sub.7 and R.sub.8 are each independently hydrogen, (C.sub.1-6)alkyl optionally substituted with one or more halogen atoms, or (C.sub.3 -C.sub.6)cycloalkyl optionally substituted with one or more halogen atoms, and when R.sub.7 and R.sub.8 are taken together with the atoms to which they are attached, they represent a four to seven membered substituted or unsubstituted ring optionally interrupted by O, S(O).sub.n or N--R.sub.4, and optionally substituted with one to three (C.sub.1-6)alkyl groups or one or more halogen atoms;

n is an integer of 0, 1, or 2.

R.sub.9 and R.sub.10 are hydrogen, (C.sub.1-6)alkyl, acyl, or (C.sub.1-6)alkylsulfonyl or R.sub.9 and R.sub.10 may form a ring consisting of polymethylene, (CH.sub.2).sub.m groups, where m is an integer of 2, 3, 4 or 5, together with the nitrogen atom of NR.sub.9 R.sub.10, which may or may not have a (C.sub.1-6)alkyl substituent.

Some compounds of formula (1) and their intermediates may occasionally exist as geometrical or optical isomers and the present invention includes all of these isomeric forms

Some compounds of the formula (I) and their intermediates may form a salt with an acidic substance or a basic substance. The salt with an acidic substance may be an inorganic acid salt such as a hydrochloride, a hydrobromide, a phosphate, a sulfate or a nitrate. The salt with a basic substance may be a salt of an inorganic or organic base such as a sodium salt, a potassium salt, a calcium salt, a quaternary ammonium salt such as ammonium salt or a dimethylamine salt.

Ar is a substituted or unsubstituted aryl or heteroaryl ring; When Q is Q.sub.3 or Q.sub.6, substituted phenyl is excluded.

This invention also relates to compositions containing those compounds and methods for using those compounds and compositions. The compounds and compositions of the present invention are especially useful for the selective control of undesirable plant species occasionally in the presence of crops. The compounds and compositions of the present invention can also be used as desiccants.

DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION

The present invention provides a method for controlling undesirable plant species by preemergence or postemergence application.

The diaryl ether compounds of this invention have the general formula I ##STR8##

wherein X, Y, Z, Ar, and Q are as described above.

The aryl in the definition of Ar may be phenyl or naphthyl, and the heteroaryl in the definition of Ar may be a five or six membered ring having at least one heterogeneous atom of nitrogen, oxygen or sulfur, and for example may be pyridyl, pyrimidyl, pyridazinyl, triazolyl, thiazolyl or isothiazolyl. The substituents for the substituted aryl or heteroaryl ring may, for example, be halogen, (C.sub.1-6)alkyl, halo(C.sub.1-6)alkyl, (C.sub.1-6)alkoxy, halo(C.sub.1-6)alkoxy, (C.sub.1-6)alkylthio, (C.sub.1-6)alkylsulfonyl, (C.sub.1-6)alkylsulfinyl, (C.sub.1-6)dialkylaminocarbonyl, cyano, nitro, amino, hydroxy, (C.sub.1-6)alkylsulfonylamino, (C.sub.1-6)alkoxycarbonyl(C.sub.1-6)alkoxy, (C.sub.1-6)alkylcarbonylamino, bisbenzoylamino, aminoacetyl, aminotifluoroacetyl, or amino(C.sub.1-6)allylsulfonate. The number of substituents is one or more, for example up to five. When the number is two or more, the substituents may be same or different.

The alkyl group and alkyl part in the definition related to X, Y, R.sub.2 to R.sub.10 and the substituents for the substituted aryl and heteroaryl ring as Ar have the straighted or branched chains with C.sub.1-6 preferably C.sub.1-4 such as methyl, ethyl, propyl, butyl, pentyl, or hexyl. The alkenyl or alkynyl group and their parts in the definition for R.sub.6 have also the straighted or branched chains with C.sub.2-6, preferably C.sub.2-4 such as vinyl, propenyl, butenyl, pentenyl, hexenyl, ethynyl, propynyl, butynyl, pentynyl, or hexynyl.

The halogen atom and halogeno part in the definition related to X, Y, R.sub.1 to R.sub.8 are fluorine, chlorine, bromine, or iodine. The haloalkyl, haloalkenyl or haloalkynyl group constitutes the alkyl, alkenyl or alkynyl group and one or more halogen atoms as mentioned above. When the number of halogen atom is two or more, halogen atoms may be same or different.

Preferred formula I compounds of this invention are those wherein

X, Y are independently hydrogen, or halogen;

Z is oxygen or sulfur,

Q is selected from Q.sub.1, Q.sub.2, Q.sub.4, Q.sub.6, Q.sub.7, Q.sub.8, or Q.sub.9.

Ar is pyridyl, pyrimidyl, triazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, or phenyl or pyridyl, pyrimidyl, triazolyl, thiazolyl, isothiazolyl, or phenyl substituted with up to five substituents independently selected from bromo, chloro, fluoro, iodo, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.4)alkyl, halo(C.sub.1-4)alkyl, (C.sub.1-4)alkoxy, (C.sub.1-4)alkylthio, halo(C.sub.1-4)alkoxy, (C.sub.1-4)alkylsulfonyl, (C.sub.1 -C.sub.3)alkylsulfinyl, di(C.sub.1-4)alkylaminocarbonyl, cyano, nitro, amino, hydroxy, (C.sub.1-4)alkylsulfonylamino, (C.sub.1-4)alkoxycarbonyl(C.sub.1-4)alkoxy, or (C.sub.1-4)alkoxycarbonylamino; When Q is Q.sub.6, substituted phenyl is excluded.

The most preferred formula I compounds of this invention are those wherein

X is fluorine;

Y is chlorine;

Z is oxygen or sulfur;

Q is selected from Q.sub.1, Q.sub.2, Q.sub.4, Q.sub.6, Q.sub.7, Q.sub.8, or Q.sub.9.

Ar is 2-pyridyl, 3-pyridyl , 4-pyridyl , 3-bromo-2-pyridyl, 5-bromo-2-pyridyl, 6-bromo-2-pyridyl, 3-chloro-2-pyridyl, 5-chloro-2-pyridyl, 6-chloro-2-pyridyl, 3-fluoro-2-pyridyl, 5-fluoro-2-pyridyl, 6-fluoro-2-pyridyl, 3-cyano-2-pyridyl, 5-cyano-2-pyridyl, 6-cyano-2-pyridyl, 3-nitro-2-pyridyl, 5-nitro-2-pyridyl, 6-nitro-2-pyridyl, 3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl, 4-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl, 5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl, 6-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl, 5-amino-2-pyridyl, 3-dimethylaminocarbonyl-2-pyridyl, 3-methylsulfonyl-2-pyridyl, 3-isopropylsulfonyl-2-pyridyl, 6-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl, 3,5,6-trifluoropyridyl, 2-pyrimidyl, 4-pyrimidyl, 5-bromo-2-pyrimidyl, 4-chloro-2-pyrimidyl, 4-trifluoromethyl-2-pyrimidyl, 4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidyl, 2,6-dimethoxy-4-pyrimidyl, 4,6-dimethoxy-2-triazinyl, phenyl, 2-iodophenyl, 2-trifluoromethoxyphenyl, 2-nitrophenyl, 4-nitrophenyl, 4-aminophenyl, 4-hydroxyphenyl, 4-methylsulfonylaminophenyl, 4-(1-ethoxycarbonylethoxy)phenyl, 2-cyanophenyl, 2cyano-3-fluorophenyl, 2-cyano-4-fluorophenyl, 2-amino-4-(1-ethoxycarbonylethoxy)-phenyl, 2-cyano-4-nitrophenyl, 4-amino-2-cyanophenyl, 4-nitro-2-trifluoromethylphenyl, 4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenyl, 4-acetylamino-2-trifluoromethylphenyl, 4-(1-ethoxycarbonylethoxy)-2-nitrophenyl, 5-chloro-4-(1-ethoxycarbonylethoxy)-2-nitrophenyl, 3-methyl4-nitro-5-isothiazolyl,or 5-nitro-2-thiazolyl; When Q is Q.sub.6 substituted phenyl is excluded.

The intermediates II and III can be prepared by the methods mentioned in Process (1). ##STR9##

Process (1) is carried out in two stages. The first step is the reaction of an aminophenol with an aryl halide or an heteroaryl halide with or without solvents. The solvents may include acetonitrile, tetrahydrofuran, dimethyl imidazolidine, dimethylsulfoxide, hexamethylphosphoric triamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, acetone, butan-2-one, benzene, toluene or xylene, in the presence of a base such as potassium carbonate, sodium carbonate, potassium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium t-butoxide, potassium fluoride, or sodium hydride. Catalysts may or may not be used . Such catalysts include copper(1)chloride, copper(1)oxide, copper, copper(1)alkoxide, alkyl cuprate, palladium(0), tetrabutylammonium halides, or 8-quinolinol. The reaction temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to 250.degree. C., preferably from 20.degree. C. to 120.degree. C. The reaction time is from 1 to 12 hours, preferably from 2 to 6 hours. The diaryl ethers (II) may also be prepared by treatment of an aminophenol with aryl-lead tricarboxylates, triphenylbismuth-diacetate, triphenylbismuth-trifluoroacetate or diphenyliodonium halides in the presence of solvents such as benzene, toluene, dichloromethane, dichloroethane, chloroform or water, with or without catalysts such as copper, or a transition metal. The temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, and the reaction time from 10 minutes to 72 hours. The temperature is preferably from 20.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, and the time preferably 2 to 6 hours.

The second step requires treatment of the amine (II) with phosgene or triphosgene in a solvent such as hexane, heptane, benzene, toluene, xylene, or ethyl acetates The reaction temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, preferably at the reflux temperature of the mixture. The reaction time is usually from 30 minutes to 6 hours, preferably from 2 to 3 hours. ##STR10##

In Process (2) the ether linkage is formed using the conditions described in the first stage of Process (1). ##STR11##

In Process (3) the ether linkage is formed using the conditions described in the first stage of Process (1). ##STR12##

Process (4) proceeds in three stages. The first step is the formation of a diazonium salt of aniline (II) usually in an acidic medium such as conc. hydrochloric acid when treated with aqueous sodium nitrite solution. It is reduced in the presence of a reducing agent to give the corresponding hydrazine derivative. Such a reducing agent could be an inorganic compound such as hydrated tin(II)chloride. This is treated with a ketoacid such as pyruvic acid in aqueous solution. The reaction temperature is between -15.degree. C. to 30.degree. C. and the time from 30 minutes to 4 hours. The preferred temperature initially is between 0.degree. C. and 5.degree. C. and later at 20.degree. C. to 30.degree. C. and the preferred time is from 30 to 60 minutes.

In the second step the prepared hydrazone (VIII) is treated with diphenylphos-phoryl azide in an inert solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, hexane, in the presence of a base such as triethylamine or pyridine. The reaction temperature is between 20.degree. C. and the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time from 30 minutes to 6 hours. Preferably the temperature is the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time is from 1 to 2 hours.

The final stage is the alkylation of (IX) in an inert solvent such as diethyl ether, dioxane or tetrahydrofuran with an alkylating agent such as an alkyl halide, haloalkyl halide, or alkyl sulfate, in the presence of a base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, sodium or potassium carbonate, pyridine or triethylamine with or without a catalytic amount of a tetraalkylammonium salt. The reaction temperature is between 40.degree. C. to 50.degree. C. and the time from 30 minutes to 4 days. The preferred reaction temperature is between 20.degree. C. to 30.degree. C., the preferred reaction time is 2 days. ##STR13##

Process (5) proceeds in three stages. The first step is the treatment of the isocyanate (IIIa) with ammonia in an inert solvent such as hexane, benzene, toluene, xylene, diethyl ether, tetrahydrofuran or dioxane. The reaction temperature is between -10.degree. C. to 100.degree. C. and the time from 15 minutes to 6 hours. The reaction temperature is preferably between 0.degree. C. and 10.degree. C., and the time from 30 to 60 minutes.

The second step is the treatment of the urea (XI) with an acid catalyst such as p-toluenesulfonic acid or amberlyst resin, and a ketoester, in an inert solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, hexane, at a temperature between 20.degree. C. and the reflux temperature of the mixture, from 10 to 24 hours, to give the imidazolidinone (XII). The temperature is preferably the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time 12 to 16 hours.

The final stage is the alkylation of (XII) in an inert solvent such as diethyl ether, dioxane, tetrahydrofuran, benzene, toluene, xylene or hexane, with an alkylating agent such as an alkyl halide or haloalkyl halide, in the presence of a base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, sodium or potassium carbonate, pyridine or triethylamine. The reaction temperature is between 20.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, and the time from 30 minutes to 20 hours. Preferably the temperature is between 50.degree. C. and 100.degree. C. and the time from 12 to 16 hours. ##STR14##

Process (6) proceeds in three stages. The first step is the treatment of the isocyanate (IIIb) with 2,2-dimethyl-5-(2-tetrahydropyrrolylidene)-1,3-dioxane4,6-dione in the presence of a base such as sodium methoxide, sodium ethoxide, potassium t-butoxide, or sodium hydride in a solvent such as toluene, N,N-dimethylformamide or dimethylsulfoxide. The reaction temperature is between -40.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time from 30 minutes to 14 hours. Preferably the initial temperature of the addition is between -30.degree. C. to -20.degree. C., and further reaction requires temperatures of between 100.degree. C. and 120.degree. C. The preferred time is from 4 to 5 hours.

The second step is the hydrolysis of the ether linkage under acidic conditions in an inert solvent such as chloroform or methylene chloride, using conc. sulfuric acid. The reaction temperature is between -20.degree. C. to 50.degree. C. and the time from 30 minutes to 6 hours. Preferably the addition is done at between 0.degree. C. to 5.degree. C., and further reaction requires temperatures of between 20.degree. C. and 30.degree. C. The preferred time is from 1 to 2 hours.

In the final step the ether linkage is formed using the conditions described in the first stage of Process (1). ##STR15##

Process (7) proceeds in two stages. The first step is the formation of the tetrazole ring (XVIII) by treatment of the isocyanate (III) with trimethylsilyl azide with or without solvent. The reaction temperature is between 100.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time from 1 to 48 hours. Preferably the temperature is the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time 24 hours.

The final stage is the alkylation of (XVIII) in an inert solvent such as acetone, diethyl ether, dioxane, tetrahydrofuran, benzene, toluene, xylene, hexane, N,N-dimethyl-formamide or dimethylsulfoxide, with an alkylating agent such as an alkyl halide or an haloalkyl halide in the presence of a base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, sodium or potassium carbonate, pyridine or triethylamine. The reaction temperature is between 50.degree. C. to 150.degree. C. and the time from 30 minutes to 2 days. The preferred temperature range is between 70.degree. C. and 90.degree. C. and the time from 20 to 30 hours. ##STR16##

Process (8) proceeds in five stages. The first step requires treatment of the amine (II) with thiophosgene in a solvent such as hexane, heptane, benzene, toluene, xylene, or ethyl acetate. The reaction temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, preferably the addition is done at 0.degree. C. to 5.degree. C., and further reaction requires temperatures heating to the reflux temperature of the mixture. The reaction time is usually from 30 minutes to 6 hours, preferably from 2 to 3 hours.

In the second step the isothiocyanate (XX was treated with formic hydrazide in an inert solvent such as toluene, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane or diethyl ether. The reaction temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, preferably at ambient temperature. The reaction time is usually from 30 minutes to 10 hours, preferably from 3 to 4 hours.

The formyl hydrazines (XXI) were treated with phosgene or triphosgene in a solvent such as hexane, heptane, benzene, toluene, xylene, acetone, or ethyl acetate. The reaction temperature is usually from -20.degree. C. to 50.degree. C., preferably between 0.degree. C. and 25.degree. C. The reaction time is usually from 30 minutes to 6 hours, preferably from 1 to 2 hours.

The hydrolysis of the 3-formylthiadiazolidinones (XXII) is done under acidic conditions in such solvents as acetone, butan-2-one, methanol, ethanol, tetrahydrofuran, or N,N-dimethylformamide. The acids may be sulfuric, hydrochloric or acetic acids and may be diluted. The reaction temperature is usually from -20.degree. C. to 50.degree. C., preferably between 0.degree. C. and 25.degree. C. The reaction time is usually from 15 minutes to 6 hours, preferably from 30 minutes to 2 hours.

The final stage is the alkylation of (XXIII) in an inert solvent such as acetone, diethyl ether, dioxane, tetrahydrofuran, benzene, toluene, xylene, hexane, N,N-dimethyl-formamide or dimethylsulfoxide, with an alkylating agent such as an alkyl halide or a haloalkyl halide, in the presence of a base such as sodium or potassium hydroxide, sodium or potassium carbonate, pyridine or triethylamine. The reaction temperature is between 30.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time from 30 minutes to 6 hours. The preferred temperature range is between 50.degree. C. and 90.degree. C. and the time from 1 to 3 hours. ##STR17##

In Process (9) amines (II) are transformed into the 2,4-imidazolidinediones (XXVII) in three stages. In the first step treatment with a haloacetyl halide, such as chloroacetyl chloride and an organic base such as triethylamine or pyridine, in an inert solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, tetrahydrofuran, or N,N-dimethylformamide gave the chloroamides (XXV). The preferred acylating agent is chloroacetyl chloride and the preferred base triethylamine. The preferred solvent is toluene. The reaction may be carried out at temperatures between -20.degree. C. and 150.degree. C., preferably between 25.degree. C. and 50.degree. C. The reaction time may be from 30 minutes to ten hours, preferably between 2 and4 hours.

In the second step reaction of these chloroamides (XXV) with suitable amines in a solvent such as C.sub.1-5 alcohols, tetrahydrofuran, or dioxane gave amino-amides (XXVI). The preferred solvent is ethanol, and the reaction may be carried out at temperatures between -20.degree. C. and 150.degree. C., preferably between 25.degree. C. and 70.degree. C. The reaction time may be from 30 minutes to ten hours, preferably between 2 and 3 hours.

In the third step the amino-amides (XXVI are treated with 1,1.sup.1 -carbonyldi-imidazole in an inert solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, tetrahydrofuran, or N,N-dimethylformamide and yielded the 2,4-imidazlidinediones(XXVI). The preferred solvent is toluene, and the reaction may be carried out at temperatures between -20.degree. C. and 150.degree. C., preferably between 100.degree. C. and 120.degree. C. The reaction time may be from 30 minutes to ten hours, preferably between 2 and 3 hours. ##STR18##

Process (10) proceeds in three stages. The first is the reaction of isothiocyanates (XXa) with a saturated cyclic heterocycle (XXVIII) such as 1-ethyloxycarbonylhexahydropyridazine, where B=N and f=2, and may or may not be done in two parts, (1) and (2). In part (1) they are stirred together in an inert solvent such as benzene, toluene, xylene, dioxane, hexane, ethyl acetate, tetrahydrofuran, diethyl ether, or acetone. The reaction temperature is usually from -70.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, depending on the nature of B, f, and R.sub.4. The reaction time is usually from 30 minutes to 20 hours, depending on the nature of B, f, and R.sub.4. In part (2) after removal of the solvent toluene, xylene, or dioxane may be added, and also a weakly basic compound such as sodium acetate. The reaction proceeds at a temperature of between 50.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time from 6 hours to 3 days. The preferred temperature is the reflux temperature of the mixture and the time from 20 to 30 hours.

The second step is the hydrolysis of the ether linkage under acidic conditions in an inert solvent such as chloroform or methylene chloride, using conc. sulfuric acid. The reaction temperature is between -20.degree. C. to 50.degree. C. and the time from 30 minutes to 6 hours. Preferably at 0.degree. C. and a time of 1 to 2 hours.

The final step is the formation of the ether linkage to give (XXXI). This is done using the conditions described in the first stage of Process (1). ##STR19##

Process (11) is a one step process where a compound (XXb), which may be an isocyanate or an isothiocyanate, reacts with a saturated cyclic heterocycle (XXVIII), with or without solvents, to give the product (XXXI). The reaction is enhanced by the presence of solvents such as hexane, pentane, benzene, toluene, xylene, diethyl ether, tetrahydro-furan, dioxane, acetone, butan-2-one, ethyl acetate, N,N-dimethylformamide or dimethyl-sulfoxide, and is conducted between -70.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture and from 15 minutes to 20 hours. The temperature is preferably between 0.degree. C. and 30.degree. C., and the time from 15 minutes to 12 hours. ##STR20##

In Process (12) the thiadiazabicyclononanones (XXIV) are treated with a catalytic amount of a base such as sodium methoxide, sodium ethoxide, or potassium t-butoxide in a C.sub.1-5 alcohol such as methanol, ethanol or t-butanol, at a temperature between 0.degree. C. and the reflux temperature of the mixture from 15 minutes to 3 hours. Preferably at the reflux temperature of the mixture and from 30 to 60 minutes. ##STR21##

Process (13) is carried out using 0.5 to 10 equivalents (preferably 0.8 to 3) of the hydrazines relative to the oxazines (XXXII). Examples of hydrazines include hydrazine, alkyl hydrazines such as methyl, ethyl, or t-butylhydrazine, and cyclic hydrazines such as 1-aminopyrrolidine. The reaction proceeds without any solvents but is normally accelerated by employing solvent.

Further reaction requires solvents such as aliphatic hydrocarbons e,g, hexane, heptane, ligroin and petroleum ether, aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, xylene, and chlorobenzene, halogenated hydrocarbons such as chloroform and methylene chloride, ethers such as diethyl ether, dioxane, and tetrahydrofuran, ketones such as acetone and methyl ethyl ketones, nitrites such as acetonitrile and isobutyronitrile, tertiary amines such as pyridine and N,N-dimethylaniline, acid amides such as N,N-dimethyl-acetamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, and N-methylpyrrolidone, sulfur containing compounds such as dimethylsulfoxide and sulfolane, alcohols such as methanol, ethanol, propanol, and butanol, water and the mixtures thereof.

The reaction temperature is usually from -30.degree. C. to 150.degree. C., preferably from -10.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the reaction mixture. The reaction time requires normally from 10 minutes to 96 hours, preferably from 30 minutes to 48 hours. ##STR22##

In Process (14) the ether linkage is formed using the conditions described in the first stage of Process (1). ##STR23##

Process (15) is carried out in a solvent such as dioxane, dimethylsulfoxide, hexamethylphosphoric triamide or N,N-dimethylformamide in the presence of a base such as sodium carbonate, potassium carbonate, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide, or sodium hydride. A number of aminating agents may be used such as 2,4-dinitro-phenoxyamine; O-arylsulfonylhydroxyamines such as 2,3,6-trimethyl- and triisopropyl-phenylhydroxyamine; O-picoylhydroxyamine; and O-mesitylhydroxyamine. The reaction temperature is usually from -30.degree. C. to 110.degree. C., and the reaction time is from 12 hours to 7 days. The reaction temperature is preferably from 20.degree. C. to 30.degree. C. The reaction time is preferably from 12 hours to 3 days. ##STR24##

Using Process (16) the isocyanate (III) may be used to form the aminouracil (XXXIIa) in a one pot synthesis without isolating the uracil (XXXV). The uracil ring is formed by reacting the prepared isocyanate (III) with an alkyl 3-amino4,4,4-trifluoro-crotonate and a base such as sodium hydride, sodium methoxide or sodium ethoxide, in a solvent such as dimethylsulfoxide, N,N-dimethylformamide, benzene, toluene, xylene, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, or diethyl ether, at temperatures usually from -50.degree. C. to 50.degree. C., with a reaction time from 10 minutes to 14 hours. Preferably between -30.degree. C. to 30.degree. C., with a reaction time of 15 minutes to 6 hours. Aminating agents, such as 2,4-dinitro-phenoxyamine; O-arylsulfonylhydroxyamines such as 2,3,6-trimethyl- and triisopropyl-phenylhydroxyamine; O-picoylhydroxyamine; and O-mesitylhydroxyamine are then introduced, as described for Process (15). The reaction temperature is usually from -30.degree. C. to 110.degree. C., and the reaction time is from 12 hours to 7 days. The reaction temperature is preferably from 20.degree. C. to 30.degree. C. The reaction time is preferably from 12 hours to 3 days. ##STR25##

Using Process (17) a compound of formula (Q.sub.9) wherein A.sub.1 and/or A.sub.2 are/is a sulfur atom, can be prepared by reacting a compound of the above formula (XXXIII) with a sulfurizing agent such as Lawesson's reagent or phosphorus pentasulfide. Further sulfurization may occur with prolonged heating and with excess reagent. The reaction uses solvents such as benzene, toluene and xylene. The reaction time is usually 2 to 12 hours, preferably 3 to 4 hours. The reaction temperature is usually 0.degree. C. to 150.degree. C., preferably between 60.degree. C. and the reflux temperature of the mixture. ##STR26##

In Process (18) the ether linkage is formed using the conditions described in the first stage of Process (1). ##STR27##

Process (19) requires the reaction of the sodium or potassium salt of an aromatic- or heterocyclic hydroxyl compound with the haloaromatic uracil (XXXVIII). The reaction proceeds without any solvent but is normally accelerated by employing solvent These include toluene, xylene, N,N-dimethylformamide, and dimethylsulfoxide, and a catalyst is used such as copper, copper bronze, or a transition metal. The temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to 150.degree. C., and the reaction time from 10 minutes to 72 hours. The temperature is preferably from 150.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture, and the time preferably 2 to 6 hours. ##STR28##

Process (20) shows how the uracil ring may be formed by reacting the prepared isocyanate (m) with an alkyl 3-amino-4,4,4-trifluorocrotonate and a base such as sodium hydride, sodium methoxide, sodium ethoxide, or potassium t-butoxide, in a solvent such as dimethylsulfoxide, N,N-dimethylformamide, benzene, toluene, xylene, tetrahydrofuran, dioxane, or diethyl ether, at temperatures usually from -50.degree. C. to 50.degree. C., with a reaction time from 10 minutes to 14 hours. Preferably from -30.degree. C. to 30.degree. C., with a reaction time of 15 minutes to 6 hours. ##STR29##

Process (21) is carried out in two stages. The first step is the preparation of N-phenyl-acetamide (XXXIX) using conventional methodology.

The second step is the cyclization to give the oxazines (XXXII). This is carried out in solvents which are aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane, ligroin, and petroleum ether, aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, xylene, and chloro-benzene, tertiary amines such as pyridine, and N,N-diethylaniline, acid amides such as N,N-dimethylacetamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, and N-methylpyrrolidone, sulfur containing compounds such as dimethylsulfoxide and sulfolane, and organic acids such as formic acid, acetic acid, lactic acid, and acetic anhydride. Preferably used are the above mentioned aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons and organic acids. The reaction temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to 200.degree. C., preferably from 20.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture. The reaction time is from 10 minutes to 72 hours, preferably from 30 minutes to 24 hours. ##STR30##

Process (22) is carried out in two stages. The first step is the formation of the phenolic oxazine (XL) using the methodology described in Process (21). This is carried out in solvents which are aliphatic hydrocarbons such as hexane, heptane, ligroin, and petroleum ether, aromatic hydrocarbons such as benzene, toluene, xylene, and chlorobenzene, tertiary amines such as pyridine, and N,N-diethylaniline, acid amides such as N,N-dimethylacetamide, N,N-dimethylformamide, and N-methylpyrrolidone, sulfur containing compounds such as dimethylsulfoxide and sulfolane, and organic acids such as formic acid, acetic acid, lactic acid, and acetic anhydride. Preferably used arc the above mentioned aliphatic hydrocarbons, aromatic hydrocarbons and organic acids. The reaction temperature is usually from 0.degree. C. to 200.degree. C., preferably from 20.degree. C. to the reflux temperature of the mixture. The reaction time is from 10 minutes to 72 hours, preferably from 30 minutes to 24 hours.

The second step is carried out under the same conditions described for Process (13). ##STR31##

Process (23) is carried out in two stages. The starting material for the first step, carbamates (XLI), are prepared by conventional methodology. These are treated with an alkyl 3-amino-4,4,4-trifluorocrotonate under the conditions described for Process (20). The second step is carried out under the same conditions described for Process (15). ##STR32##

In Process (24) the isocyanate (III) is treated with the hydrazono compound (XLIII) under the conditions described for Process (20) to give the desired product (XXXIII).

Although some embodiments of the present invention are described as follows, the scope of the present invention is not limited to such an embodiment.

Preparation Examples for the compounds of the present invention will be described. The preparation of 3-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-6-trifluoronethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyr imidine-2,4-dione is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,859,229. Lawesson's reagent, [2,4-bis(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3-dithia-2,4-diphosphetane-2,4-disulfide], was obtained from Aldrich.

EXAMPLES

General

All temperatures are measured in .degree.C., conc. means concentrated, and mp represents the melting point Processed indicates that water and ethyl acetate were added, the solutions separated and the organic phase was dried over sodium sulfate, filtered, and the filtrate was evaporated under reduced pressure. The preparation of 5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenol is described in U.S. Pat. No. 4,484,941. Purity was assessed by thin layer chromatography, liquid chromatography, and checked using .sup.1 H and .sup.13 C nuclear magnetic resonance spectrometry (NMR) which were obtained on a Varian 300 MHz instrument.

Example 1

Synthesis of 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl Isocyanate (Intermediate IIIc) (Process 1)

1.1

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)pyrimidine (Intermediate IIp)

A mixture of 5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenol (3.57 g), potassium carbonate (3.04 g), and 2-chloropyrimidine (3.20 g) suspended in butan-2-one (100 ml) and dimethylsulfoxide (10 ml) was heated at reflux overnight. The solution was processed and chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:2, to yield yellow crystals (4.0 g). .sup.1 H NMR (acetone-d.sub.6, TMS): 4.75(2H, br s), 6.78(1H, d, J=8.4 Hz), 7.09(1H, d, J=10.6 Hz), 7.15(1H, t, J=4.8 Hz), 8.56(2H, d, J=4.8 Hz).

The following can be similarly prepared:

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-4-chloro-pyrimidine (Intermediate IIq).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-4,6-dimethoxy-pyrimidine (Intermediate IIr).

2-(5-Amino-2,4-dichlorophenoxy)-4-chloro-pyrimidine (Intermediate IIs).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-nitrobenzene (Intermediate IIt).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-benzonitrile (Intermediate IIu).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-6-fluoro-benzonitrile (Intermediate IIv).

1.2

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl isocyanate (Intermediate IIIc)

A solution of triphosgene (1.21 g) in ethyl acetate (10 ml) was stirred at 0.degree. C. under nitrogen while a solution of 2-(5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)pyrimidine (0.96 g) and triethylamine (1.2 ml) in ethyl acetate (10 ml) was added dropwise. The mixture was heated at reflux for 35 hours, cooled, filtered, and the filtrate evaporated to give the corresponding isocyanate. .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 7.03(1H, d, J=7.2 Hz), 7.10(1H, t, J=4.8 Hz), 7.31(1H, d, J=8.9 Hz), 8.57(2H, d, J=4.8 Hz).

The following can be similarly prepared:

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl isocyanate (Intermediate IIId).

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl isocyanate (Intermediate IIIe).

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-cyanophenoxy)phenyl isocyanate (Intermediate IIIf).

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-fluoro-2-cyanophenoxy)phenyl isocyanate (Intermediate IIIg).

Example 2

Synthesis of 4-chloro-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-triazinyloxy)phenyl)-1-me thyl-5-trifluoromethyl-1H-pyrazole (Compound 1-8) (Process 2)

4-Chloro-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5hydroxyphenyl)-1-methyl-5-trifluoromethyl-1H -pyrazole (prepared according to the procedure as described in U.S. Pat. No. 5,281,571) (0.25 g, 0.76 mMol) was dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide (5 ml) and potassium carbonate (0.13 g, 0.91 mMol) and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxytriazine (0.16 g, 0.91 mMol) were added. The suspension was stirred at 90.degree. C. for 2 hours under a nitrogen atmosphere and processed. The residue was subjected to column chromatography on silica gel eluting with methylene chloride:methanol, 99:1, to give the title compound (0.29 g, 81.6%). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 4.01 (6H, s), 4.07 (3H, m), 7.35 (1H, d, J=9.1 Hz), 7.45 (1H, d, J=6.6 Hz).

Example 3

Synthesis of 5-chloro-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-triazinyloxy)phenyl)-1-di fluoromethyl-2-methylimidazole (Compound 24) (Process 3)

5-Chloro-4-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-difuoromethyl-2-methylimidaz ole (prepared according to the procedure as described in EP 590,834) (0.31 g, 1 mMol) was dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide (5 ml). Potassium carbonate (0.17 g, 1.2 mMol) and 2-chloro-4,6-dimethoxytriazine (0.21 g, 1.2 mMol) were added and the suspension stirred at 110.degree. C. for 2 hours under an atmosphere of nitrogen. The mixture was processed. and the residue chromatographed on silica gel eluting with methylene chloride:methanol, 98:2, to give the title compound (0.25 g, 55%). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 2.61 (3H, br s), 4.00 (6H, s), 7.17 (1H, t, J=58.1 Hz), 7.29 (1H, d, J=9.3 Hz), 7.53 (1H, d, J=6.6 Hz).

Example 4

Synthesis of 1-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-4-difluoromethyl-3-methyl-1 ,4-dihydro-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one (Compound 3-1) (Process 4)

4.1

Pyruvic acid, 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl Hydrazone

A solution of sodium nitrite (2.01 g) in water (15 ml) was added dropwise over 10 minutes to a solution of 2-(5-amino-2 chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)pyrimidine (7.0 g) in conc. hydrochloric acid (40 ml) cooled to -10.degree. C. and stirred under an atmosphere of nitrogen. Stirring was continued for 30 minutes at this temperature and a solution of tin(II)chloride dihydrate (16.3 g) in hydrochloric acid (20 ml) was added over 10 minutes. The resulting mixture was stirred for 2 hours at room temperature. Water (20 ml) was added and a solution of pyruvic acid (2.55 g) in water (10 ml) added dropwise. The resulting mixture was stirred for 30 minutes and the yellow precipitate was collected by filtration to give 11.24 g (wet weight) of the desired product.

4.2

1-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-3-methyl-1,4-dihydro-1,2,4-t riazolin-5-one

Triethylamine (0.4 g) was added to a suspension of pyruvic acid, 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl hydrazone (1.24 g) in toluene (30 ml) at room temperature. Diphenylphosphoryl azide (1.05 g) was added and the resulting mixture was heated at reflux for 1 hour. The solution was processed and the residue chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate to give a yellow solid (0.75 g).

4.3

1-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-4-difluoromethyl-3-methyl-1, 4-dihydro-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one (Compound 3-1)

Chlorodifluoromethane gas was bubbled over several hours through a solution of 1-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-3-methyl -1,4-dihydro-1,2,4-triazolin-5-one (0.43 g) in tetrahydrofuran (100 ml) stirred at room temperature, until the solution was satutated. Potassium hydroxide (0.4 g) and a catalytic amount of tetrabutyl-ammonium bromide were added and the cold bath removed. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 48 hours. The solution was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane:methylene chloride, 1:2:2, to give a colorless oil (0.25 g).

Example 5

Synthesis of 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-5-isopropyl idineimidazolidine-2,4-dione (Compound 4-1) (Process 5)

5.1

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylurea

A solution 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylisocyanate (1.3 g in toluene (30 ml) was cooled to 5.degree. C. and ammonia gas was bubbled through for 15 minutes. Stirring was continued for a further 30 minutes and the mixture filtered and the filtrate evaporated to give a white solid (1.3g), .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3) 2.40(3H, s), 7.20(5H, m).

5.2

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-5-isopropyli dine-imidazolidine-2,4-dione (Compound 4-1)

A solution 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylurea (1.24 g), ethyl 3-methyl-2-oxobutyrate (0.9 g) and p-toluenesulphonic acid (0.1 g) in toluene (30 ml) was heated at reflux for 14 hours and processed to give a white solid (0.55 g), mp>220.degree. C., .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3) 1.90(3H, s), 2.30(3H, s), 7.12(1H, dd, J=5,7 Hz), 7.30(1H, d, J=7 Hz), 7.40(1H, d, J=9 Hz), 8.00(1H, d, J=7 Hz), 8.25(1H, m), 8.62(1H, s).

Example 6

Synthesis of 2-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6,7-dihydro pyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidine-1,3(2H,5H)dione (Compound 5-10) (Process 6)

6.1

2-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimid ine-1,3(2H,5H)-dione

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyaniline (9.4 g) and triethylamine (9.4 g) in dry ethyl acetate (110 ml) was stirred at 0.degree. C. and a solution of triphosgene (13.8 g) in ethyl acetate (110 ml) was added dropwise. The mixture was heated at reflux for 2 hours, cooled to room temperature, filtered, and the filtrate evaporated. The crude isocyanate was dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide (70 ml) and added dropwise to a mixture of sodium hydride (1.2 g) and 2,2-dimethyl-5-(2-tetrahydropyrrolylidene)-1,3-dioxane-4,6-dione (9.9 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (50 ml) stirred at -30.degree. C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 0.5 hours and at 110.degree. C. for 4 hours. The volume was reduced under reduced pressure and the residue processed. Column chromatography (silica gel, hexane:ethyl acetate, 2:3) yielded 2-(4chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydro-pyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimi dine-1,3(2H,5H)dione, (9.0 g, 60%) .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 1.36(6H, d, J=6.1 Hz), 2.19(2H, m), 2.99(2H, t, J=7.9 Hz), 3.99(2H, m), 4.46(1H, m), 5.74(1H, s), 6.85(1H, d, J=6.6 Hz), 7.29(1H, d, J=6.6 Hz).

6.2

2-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidine-1 ,3(2H,5H)-dione

This was synthesized from 2-(4chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydropyrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimid ine-1,3(2H,5H)-dione in 86% yield under similar conditions as described below for the preparation of 2-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)hexa-hydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4]triazol o[1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one (Example 10.2). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 2.22(2H, m), 3.06(2H, t, J=7.5 Hz), 3.13(1H, br), 4.01(2H, t, J=6.5 Hz), 5.71(1H, s), 6.87(1H, d, J=6.9 Hz), 7.18(1H, d, J=9.3 Hz).

6.3

2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6,7-dihydrop yrrolo[1,2-c]pyrimidine-1,3(2H,5H)-dione (Compound 5-10) (Process 1)

This was synthesized from 2-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-6,7-dihydro-pyrrolo-[1,2-c]pyrimidin e-1,3(2H,5H)-dione and 2-chloro-3-trifluoromethylpyridine in 90% yield under similar conditions described below for the preparation of 2-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]hexahydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4 ]triazolo[1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one (Example 10.3) (compound (8-29).

Example 7

Synthesis of 1-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-4-(3-fluoropropyl)-1,4-dihy dro-5-oxo-5H-tetrazole (Compound 6-10) (Process 7)

7.1

1-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-1,4-dihydro-5-oxo-5H-tetrazo le

4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenylisocyanate (0.96 g) and trimethylsilyl azide (5 ml) were heated at reflux overnight under nitrogen. The reaction mixture was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:methylene chloride, 1:4, to give a yellow semi-solid (0.54 g). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 7.16(1H, dd, J=4.8 Hz), 7.49(1H, d, J=9.3 Hz), 7.64(1H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 8.59(2H, d, J=4.8 Hz).

7.2

1-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-4-(3-fluoropropyl)-1,4-dihyd ro-5-oxo-5H-tetrazole (Compound 6-10) (Process 1).

A suspension of potassium carbonate (0.36 g), 1-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-1,4-dihydro-5-oxo-5H-tetrazo le (0.54 g) and 1-bromo-3-fluoropropane (0.37 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (10 ml) was stirred in an oil bath at 80.degree. C. for 26 hours. The reaction mixture was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed on silica gel eluting with hexane:ethyl acetate, 2:1, to give the product, mp 111-3.degree. C. 1H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 2.30(2H, m), 4.20(2H, t, J=6.9 Hz), 4.59(2H, dt, J=46.9, 6.6 Hz), 7.13(1H, dd, J=4.8 Hz), 7.48(1H, d, J=9.3 Hz), 7.58(1H, d, J=6.8 Hz), 8.58(2H, d, J=4.8 Hz),

Example 8

Synthesis of 9-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylimino]-8-thia -1,6-diazabicyclo[4,3,0]nonane-7-one (Compound 7-1) (Process 8)

8.1

N-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylaminothiocarbo nyl]-N.sup.1 -formylhydrazine

Formic hydrazide (0.6 g) was added to a mixture of 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl isothiocyanate (3.4 g) in tetrahydrofuran (20 ml) and the mixture was stirred for 3 hours at room temperature. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue processed. The resulting oil was dissolved in ethanol (30 ml), and hexane added to induce crystallization. The crystals were filtered and dried to give the product, (3.5 g, 69%).

8.2

5-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylimino]-3-formy l-1,3,4-thiadiazolidin-2-one

Triphosgene (0.7 g) in toluene (20 ml) was dropwise added to a solution of N-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylaminothiocarb onyl]-N.sup.1 -formyl-hydrazine (2.8 g) in acetone (70 ml) stirred at 0.degree. C. Stirring was continued at room temperature for 1 hour and the solvents removed under reduced pressure. Column chromatography (methylene chloride:ethyl acetate, 3:1) yielded the product (3.3 g).

8.3

5-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylimino]-1,3,4-t hiadiazol-idin-2-one

A solution of 10% hydrochloric acid in methanol (8 ml) was added to a solution of 5-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylimino]-3-form yl-1,3,4-thiadiazolidin-2-one (33 g) in acetone (60 ml). After stirring for 0.5 hour, the solvents were removed and the residue processed. A minimal amount of ethanol was used to dissolved the residue and hexane added to induce crystallization. The crystals were filtered off and dried to give the product (1.0 g, 36%).

8.4

9-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylimino]-8-thia- 1,6-diazabicyclo[4,3,0]nonane-7-one (Compound 7-1)

1,4-Dibromobutane (0.64 g) was mixed with 5-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoro-methyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylimino]-1,3,4 -thiadiazolidin-2-one (1.0 g) in acetone (25 ml) and potassium carbonate (0.85 g) added. The mixture was heated at reflux for 2 hours and the solvent evaporated. The residue was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed (silica gel, hexane:ethyl acetate, 4:1) to give the product (0.65 g, 57%).

Example 9

Synthesis of 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-1-ethylimidaz olidine-2,4-dione (Compound 8-1) (Process 9)

9.1

N-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-2-chloroacet amide

A solution of 2-(5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3-trifluoromethylpyridine (1.32 g) and triethylamine (0.8 ml) in toluene (20 ml) was stirred at 0.degree. C. while a solution of chloroacetyl chloride (0.4 ml) in toluene (10 ml) was added. The mixture was stirred over night at room temperature and processed. Column chromatography on silica gel using methylene chloride as eluent gave a white solid (1.4 g), mp 146-9.degree. C. .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 4.20(2H, s), 7.12(1H, dd, J=5,8 Hz), 7.30(1H, d, J=9 Hz), 8.01(1H, m), 8.22(1H, m), 8.34(1H, d, J=7 Hz).

9.2

N-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-2-ethylamino acetamide

A solution of N-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-2-chloroace tamide (1.4 g) and 70% ethylamine (5 ml) in ethanol (25 ml) was heated at reflux for 3 hours and evaporated to dryness. The residue was processed to give a yellow solid (1.0 g). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 1.16(3H, t, J=7 Hz), 2.72(2H, q, J=7 Hz), 3.39(2H, s), 7.10(1H, dd,). J=6,8 Hz), 7.26(1H, d, J=8 Hz), 8.00(1H, m), 8.24(1H, m), 8.45(1H, d, J=8 Hz), 9.86(1H, s).

9.3

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-ethylimidazoli dine-2,4-dione (Compound 8-1)

A solution of N-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-2-ethylamin oacetamide (0.82 g) and 1,1.sup.1 -carbonyldiimidazole (0.43 g) in toluene (20 ml) was heated at reflux for 2 hours, cooled and processed. Column chromatography on silica gel eluting with 2.5% methanol-methylene chloride gave a buff colored solid (0.8 g), mp 162-3.degree. C. .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 1.24(3H, t, J=7 Hz), 3.53(2H, q, J=7 Hz), 4.05(2H, s), 7.13(1H, m), 7.30(1H, d, J=7 Hz), 7.38(1H, d, J=9 Hz), 8.01(1H, m), 8.24(1H, m).

Example 10

Synthesis of 2-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]hexahydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4 ]triazolo[1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one (Compound 8-29). (Process 10)

10.1

2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(isopropyloxy)phenyl]hexahydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4]tr iazolo[1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one

A solution of 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyaniline (12.1 g) and triethylamine (12.0 g) in ethyl acetate (120 ml) was cooled to 0.degree. C. and stirred while a solution of thiophosgene (6.8 g) in ethyl acetate (100 ml) was added dropwise. The reaction was heated at reflux for 2 hours and the mixture filtered and the filtrate evaporated. The crude isothiocyanate was dissolved in benzene (70 ml) and treated with a solution of 1-ethyloxycarbonylhexahydropyridazine (9.5 g) in benzene (10 ml). After stirring for 3 hours the solvent was evaporated and the residue dissolved in m-xylene (250 ml) containing sodium acetate (1.6 g) and heated at reflux for 22 hours. The solvents were removed under reduced pressure and the residue chromatographed (silica gel, hexane:ethyl acetate, 60:40) to give the product (17.2 g, 81%). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 1.37(6H, d, J=7.8 Hz), 1.96(4H, m), 3.71(2H, m), 4.02(2H, m), 4.47(1H, m), 6.95(1H, d J=6.4 Hz), 7.30(1H, d, J=9.0 Hz).

10.2

2-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)hexahydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4]triazolo[ 1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one

Conc. sulfuric acid (22 ml) was added dropwise to a solution of 2-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(isopropyloxy)phenyl]hexahydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4]t riazolo[1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one (17.2 g) in methylene chloride (120 ml) stirred at 0.degree. C. The mixture was stirred at room temperature for 1 hour and ice-water (200 g) added. The aqueous phase was extracted with methylene chloride and the organic phases combined, dried over sodium sulfate and chromatographed (silica gel, ethyl acetate) to give the product (14.5 g, 96%). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 1.84(4H, m), 3.82(4H, m), 7.06(1H, d, J=6.5 Hz), 7.58(1H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 10.6(1H, s).

10.3

2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]hexahydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4] -triazolo[1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one (Compound 8-29)

2-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)hexahydro-3-thioxo-1H-[1,2,4]triazolo- [1,2-alpyridazin-1-one (0.5 g) was mixed with 2-chloropyrimidine (1 equiv) and potassium carbonate (2 equiv) in dimethylsulfoxide (20 ml) and the resulting mixture stirred at 100.degree. C. for 1.5 hour and at room temperature overnight. The mixture was processed and the residue column chromatographed (silica gel, methylene chloride:ethyl acetate, 3:1). to give the product (0.34 g, 55%). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3, TMS): 1.92(4H, m), 3.69(2H, m), 3.99(2H, m), 7.05(1H, m), 7.37(1H, d, J=6.5 Hz), 7.39(1H, d, J=9.0 Hz), 8.53(2H, d, J=4.8 ).

Example 11

Synthesis of 2-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2pyridyloxy)phenyl]hexahydro-3-t hioxo-1H-[1,2,4]triazolo[1,2-a]pyridazin-1-one (Compound 8-18) (Process 11)

9-[Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenylimino]-8-thia-1, 6-diazabicyclo[4,3,0]nonan-7-one (see Example 8) (0.2 g) was mixed with methanol (18 ml) and a catalytic amount of sodium methoxide added. The mixture was heated at reflux for 0.5 hour and the solvent removed under reduced pressure. Column chromatography (silica gel, hexane:ethyl acetate, 3:2) yielded the product (0.2 g, 100%).

Example 12

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imi dazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-47) (Process 11)

Thiophosgene (0.192 g) was added to a solution of 4chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)aniline (0.4 g) and triethylamine (0.34 g) in dry ethyl acetate (10 ml) and the solution was heated under reflux for 1.5 hours. After cooling, the solution was filtered and the filtrate evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was dissolved in dry ethyl acetate (10 ml) and ethyl pipecolinate (0.288 g) was added. The solution was heated under reflux for 1 hour and evaporated to give a brown solid. This was purified using column chromatography eluting with dichloromethane to give white crystals (0.35 g). mp 238-239.degree. C.

The following were similarly prepared:

(RS)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-imidazo[1,5-a ]pyridin-1,3-dione (Compound 8-48).

(S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imida zo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-49).

(S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-pyrro [1,2-c]imidazol-1-(1H)-one (Compound 8-50).

(R,S)-2-(4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-phenoxyphenyl)-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imidazo[1,5- a]pyridin-1(5H)one (Compound 8-51).

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imi dazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)one (Compound 8-52).

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-5-(2-cyanophenoxy)-2-fluorophenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imi dazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-53).

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrazinyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imi dazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-54).

(RS)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imidaz o[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-55).

(RS)-2-[4-Chloro-5-(3-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)-2-fluorophenoxy)-hexahydro-3-thi oxo-imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-56).

(RS)-2-[4-Chloro-5-(3chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)-2-fluorophenyl] -hexahydro-3-thioxo-imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-57).

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-hexahy dro-3-thioxo-imidazo]1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-58).

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitropyridyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo- imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-59).

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-5-(3-cyano-2-pyridyloxy)-2-fluorophenyl]-hexahydro-3-thio xo-imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-60).

Example 13

(R,S)-2-[5-(3-Amino-2-pyridyloxy)-4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl]-hexahydro-3-thio xo-imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-61).

(R,S)-2-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitropyridyloxy)phenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo- imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (0.21 g) dissolved in ethyl acetate (10 ml) was reduced under an atmosphere hydrogen using palladium-carbon (10%, 50 mg) as catalyst. After 5 hours stirring at room temperature the mixture was filtered and the filtrate evaporated under reduced pressure. The residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with dichloromethane:ethyl acetate, 9:1, to give a yellow oil (0.28 g).

The following was similarly prepared:

(R,S)-2-[5-(2-Aminophenoxy)-4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl]-hexahydro-3-thioxo-imi dazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-62).

Example 14

(R,S)-2-[5-(3-Acetylamino-2-pyridyloxy)-4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl]-hexahydro- 3-thioxo-imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-63)

Acetylchloride (0.047 g) was added to a solution of (R,S)-2-[5-(3-amino-2-pyridyloxy)-4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl]-hexahydro-3-thi oxo-imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (0.22 g) and triethylamine (0.066 g) dissolved in dry ethyl acetate (10 ml) stirred at 5.degree. C. The solution was stirred for 1 hour at a room temperature, filtered, and the filtrate evaporated The residue was purified by column chromatography eluting with dichloromethane:ethyl acetate, 8:2 to give brown crystals (0.24 g).

The following was similarly prepared:

(R,S)-2-[5-[2-[(bis-Benzoyl)amino]phenoxy]-4-chloro-2-fluorophenyl]-hexahyd ro-3-thioxo-imidazo[1,5-a]pyridin-1(5H)-one (Compound 8-64)

Example 15

Synthesis of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-1)

15.1

Synthesis of 2-(5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3-nitropyridine (Intermediate IIa) (Process 1)

A mixture of 5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenol (0.64 g), powdered potassium hydroxide (0.24 g), and 2-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.76 g) in dimethylsulfoxide (15 ml) was heated at 110.degree. C. with stirring for 2 hours. The solution was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed on silica gel eluting with methanol:methylene chloride, 3:97, to yield 2-(5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3-nitropyridine (Intermediate IIa) as a yellow semi-solid (0.45 g).

The following were similarly prepared:

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-5-bromopyridine (Intermediate IIb).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-5-chloropyridine (Intermediate IIc).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-6-fluoropyridine (Intermediate IId).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-6-chloropyridine (Intermediate IIe).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3,5,6-trifluoropyridine (Intermediate IIf).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3-trifluoromethylpyridine (Intermediate IIg).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-4-trifluoromethylpyridine (Intermediate IIh).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3-cyanopyridine (Intermediate IIi).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-5-cyanopyridine (Intermediate IIj).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-5-nitropyridine (Intermediate IIk).

2-(5-Amino-2,4-difluorophenoxy)-3-trifluoromethylpyridine (Intermediate IIl).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3-ethylsulfonylpyridine (Intermediate IIm).

5-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)-3-methyl-4-nitroisothiazole (Intermediate IIn).

2-(5-Amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)pyridine (Intermediate IIo).

15.2

Synthesis of 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6trifluoromethyl-1,2, 3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-1) (Process 20)

A solution of triphosgene (0.47 g) in ethyl acetate (10 ml) was stirred under nitrogen while a solution 2-(5-amino-2-chlorofluoromethoxy)3-nitropyridine (0.45 g) and triethylamine (0.45 ml) in ethyl acetate (15 ml) was added dropwise. The mixture was heated at reflux for 2 hours, cooled, filtered, and the filtrate evaporated to give the corresponding isocyanate.

A suspension of sodium hydride (0.038 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (2 ml) was stirred at 0.degree. C. under nitrogen while a solution of ethyl 3-amino-4,4,4-trifluorocrotonate (0.26 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (1 ml) was added dropwise. After 15 minutes a solution of the prepared isocyanate in N,N-dimethylformamide (5 ml) and toluene (5 ml) was added slowly and the solution stirred overnight at room temperature. Dilute hydrochloric acid was added and the solution processed. The resulting solid was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with methanol:methylene chloride, 5:95, to give 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2 ,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-1) as a white solid (032 g).

The following were similarly prepared:

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-bromo-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3 ,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-2).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2 ,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-3).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-fluoro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2 ,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 114).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2 ,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-5).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,5,6-trifluoro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-6).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorom ethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-7).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorom ethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-8).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-cyano-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2, 3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-9).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-cyano-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2, 3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-10).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2, 3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-11).

3-[2,4-Difluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl -1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-12).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-ethylsulfonyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-13).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-methyl-4-nitro-5-isothiazolyloxy)phenyl]-6-triflu oromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione(Intermediate 11-14).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-fluoro-2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-16).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-17).

15.3

Synthesis of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro-m ethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-1) (Process 15)

A suspension of potassium carbonate (0.23 g), 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2 ,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (0.5 g) and 2,4-dinitrophenoxyamine (0.32 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (10 ml) was stirred at room temperature overnight The solution was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed on silica gel eluting with methanol:methylene chloride, 2:98. The product was isolated as a yellow semi-solid (0.3 g), mp 90-6.degree. C.

The following were similarly prepared:

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-bromo-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-2).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-3).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluora-5-(6-fluoro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-4).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-5).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,5,6-trifluoro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trif luoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound9-6).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-tr ifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-7).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-tr ifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-8).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-cyano-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-9).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-cyano-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-10).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-11).

1-Amino-3-[2,4-difluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluo romethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-12).

1-Amino-3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-ethylsulfonyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trif luoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-13).

1-Amino-3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-methyl-4-nitroisothiazol-5-yloxy)phenyl]- 6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-14).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1, 2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-16).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-chloro-2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-17).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4,6-dimethoxy-2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-6-trif luoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-18).

Example 16

Synthesis of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2, 3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-15) (Process 16)

A solution of triphosgene (0.5 g) in ethyl acetate (10 ml) was stirred under nitrogen while a solution of 2-(5-amino-2-chloro-4-fluorophenoxy)pyridine (0.4 g) and triethylamine (0.5 ml) in ethyl acetate (20 ml) was added dropwise. The mixture was heated at reflux for 2 hours, cooled, filtered, and evaporated to give the corresponding isocyanate.

A suspension of sodium hydride (0.05 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (2 ml) was stirred at 0.degree. C. under nitrogen while a solution of ethyl 3-amino-4,4,4-trifluorocrotonate (0.32 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (1 ml) was added dropwise. After 15 minutes a solution of the prepared isocyanate in N,N-dimethylformamide (5 ml) and toluene (5 ml) was added slowly. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours and treated with a solution of 2,4-dinitrophenoxyamine (0.42 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (4 ml). Stirring was continued for 3 days. The solution was processed and gave a solid which was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with methanol:methylene chloride, 5:95. The title compound was obtained as a yellow solid (0.3 g).

The following were similarly prepared:

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-1).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-3).

Example 17

Synthesis of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-21)

17.1

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-te trahydro-pyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-18) (Process 18)

A mixture of 3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro pyrimidine-2,4-dione (2.2 g), 2-chloronitrobenzene (1.3 g) and potassium carbonate (1.4 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (100 ml) was heated at reflux for 3 hours under an atmosphere of nitrogen. The resulting mixture was poured into water (200 ml) and acidified by the addition of a small portion of conc. hydrochloric acid. The solution was extracted with a mixed solvent (ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:1,400 ml) and the organic phase dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. The solvent was removed under reduced pressure and the residue chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:1, to give 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-t etrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-18) as an amorphous solid (1.0-g).

The following were similarly prepared:

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-methylsulfonyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-19).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-isopropylsulfonyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluor omethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-20).

3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-te trahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-21).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-nitro-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-22).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-5-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluor omethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-23).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-cyanophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro-methyl-1,2,3,4-t etrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-33).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-cyano-3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-34).

17.2

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1, 2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-21) (Process 15)

A suspension of 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro-methyl-1,2,3,4- tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4,-dione (1.0 g), potassium carbonate (0.37 g), and 2,4-dinitrophenoxyamine (0.54 g) in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (20 ml) was stirred at room temperature for 20 hours. The solution was processed and the resulting oil was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with methylene chloride:hexane:ethyl acetate, 2:3:0.5. The product was crystallized from methylene chloride:hexane:ethyl acetate to give a white solid (0.45 g).

The following were similarly prepared:

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-methylsulfonyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-tri fluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-19).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-isopropylsulfonyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6- trifluoro-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-20).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-nitro-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6- trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-22).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-5-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6- trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-23).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro2-fluoro-5-(2-cyanophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2 ,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-30).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-cyano-3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-31).

Example 18

Synthesis of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluo romethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-24)

18.1

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluor omethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-24)

A suspension of 10% Pd/C and 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-nitro-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluo romethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (4.0 g) in ethyl acetate (100 ml) was stirred overnight under an atmosphere of hydrogen. The mixture was filtered through Celite and the filtrate concentrated. The resulting oil was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:0.8. 3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluo romethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-24) was isolated as an amorphous solid (33 g).

The following were similarly prepared:

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-te trahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-25).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-amino-5-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluor o-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-26).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-aminophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-te trahydro-pyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-27).

18.2

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-tifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-28)

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-amino-2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6trifluoro -methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (3.0 g) dissolved in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (10 ml) was added to a solution of t-butyl nitrite (1.28 g) in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (40 ml) kept at 60-5.degree. C. under nitrogen. The resulting mixture was stirred for 30 minutes at this temperature. The solution was poured into water and extracted with ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:1, (300 ml). The organic phase was washed with brine and dried over anhydrous sodium sulfate. After removal of the solvent, the residue was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:2. 3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl -1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-28) was isolated as an amorphous solid (1.64 g).

The following were similarly prepared:

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6trifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-29).

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-phenoxyphenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydrop yrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-30).

18.3

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluor omethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-24) (Process 15)

A suspension of 3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl -1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4,-dione (0.7 g), potassium carbonate (0.27 g) and 2,4-dinitrophenoxyamine (0.39 g) in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (20 ml) was stirred at room temperature for 72 hours. The solution was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed on silica gel eluting with hexane:ethyl acetate, 4:1, containing 0.1% of triethylamine. The product (Compound 9-24) was isolated as a pale yellow amorphous solid (0.6 g).

The following were similarly prepared:

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-trifluoromethylphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluor o-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-25).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-phenoxyphenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tet rahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-26).

Example 19

Synthesis of Ethyl 2-[4-[2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-(1-amino-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyr imidine-2,4-dion-3yl)phenoxy]phenoxy]propionate (Compound 9-27)

19.1

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4- tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-31)

3-[4-Chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-aminophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-te trahydro-pyrimidine-2,4-dione (2.0 g) was mixed with hot 30% sulfuric acid (5 ml) and ice/water (5.0 g) was added. The mixture kept at 10.degree. C. while a solution of sodium nitrite (0.45 g) in water (5 ml) was slowly introduced at the bottom of the stirred mixture. After stirring for 10 minutes, urea (0.1 g) was added, followed by a solution of copper(2)nitrate (18.0 g) in water (170 ml), and copper(1)oxide (0.7 g). The mixture was stirred for 10 minutes, extracted with diethyl ether (50 ml.times.3), and dried over sodium sulfate. The crude product was purified by column chromatography (hexane:ethyl acetate, 4:1) to give 3-[4-chloro -2-fluoro-5-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydro pyrimidine-2,4-dione (Intermediate 11-31), (1.0 g).

19.2

Ethyl 2-[4-[2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-(6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine- 2,4-dion-3yl)phenoxy]phenoxy]propionate (Intermediate 11-32)

A solution of 3-[4chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-hydroxyphenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro-methyl-1,2,3,4 -tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (1.0 g) in butan-2-one (20 ml) was mixed with ethyl 2-bromopropionate (1 equivalent) and potassium carbonate (1 equivalent) and heated at reflux for 4 hours. The mixture was filtered and evaporated. The crude product was chromatographed to give ethyl 2-[4-[2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-(6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine- 2,4-dion-3-yl)phenoxy]phenoxy]propionate (Intermediate 11-32) (0.81 g).

19.3

Ethyl 2-[4-[2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-(1-amino-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyr imidine-2,4-dion-3yl)phenoxy]phenoxy]propionate (Compound 9-27) (Process 15)

A suspension of ethyl 2-[4-[2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-(4-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyrimidine- 2,6-dion-3yl)phenoxy]phenoxy]propionate (0.81 g), potassium carbonate (0.24 g) and 2,4-dinitrophenoxyamine (0.35 g) in anhydrous N,N-dimethylformamide (20 ml) was stirred at room temperature for 24 hours. The solution was processed and the resulting oil chromatographed on silica gel eluting with hexane:ethyl acetate, 4:1. The product, ethyl 2-[4-[2-chloro-4-fluoro-5-(1-amino-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyr imidine-2,4-dion-3-yl)phenoxy]phenoxy]propionate (Compound 9-27) was isolated as a pale yellow amorphous solid (0.51 g).

Example 20

Synthesis of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorom ethyl-1,2,3,4tetrahydro-2-oxo-4-thioxopyrimidine (Compound 9-28) (Process 17)

A mixture of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorom ethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (0.27 g), sodium bicarbonate (0.19 g) and Lawessons' reagent (0.26 g) in dry toluene (10 ml) was heated at reflux for 4 hours. The mixture was cooled, filtered, and the residue evaporated under reduced pressure. The resulting oil was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate hexane, 4:6, to give a yellow viscous oil (0.18 g).

The following were similarly prepared.

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorometh yl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2-oxo-4-thioxopyrimidine (Compound 9-29).

Example 21

Synthesis of 1-amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro-m ethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-1)

21.1

1-Amino-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3, 4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione

A suspension of sodium hydride (1.0 g, 60% in oil) in N,N-dimethylformamide (30 ml) was stirred at 0.degree. C. under nitrogen while a solution of ethyl 3-amino-4,4,4-trifluorocrotonate (4.5 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (20 ml) was added dropwise. After stirring for 15 minutes, a solution of 4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyphenylisocyanate (5.6 g) in toluene (25 ml) was added slowly at -35.degree. C. The solution was stirred at room temperature for 2 hours and treated with a solution of 2,4-dinitrophenoxyamine (5.8 g) in N,N-dimethylformamide (20 ml). Stirring was continued for 3 days. The solution was processed and gave a solid which was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:5, containing 0.1% of triethylamine. 1-Amino-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3 ,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione was obtained as a white solid (5.3 g).

21.2

1-Amino-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tet rahydro-pyrimidine-2,4dione

Conc. sulfuric acid (3 ml) was added to a solution of 1-amino-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-isopropyloxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3 ,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (4.5 g) in methylene chloride (50 ml) stirred at 0C . After 1 hour the mixture was diluted with water and processed. The oily product was chromatographed on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane, 2:3, to give 1-amino-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-te trahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione as a pale yellow amorphous solid (3.6 g,). .sup.1 H NMR (CDCl.sub.3,TMS): 7.27(1H, d, J=8.8 Hz), 6.88(1H, d, J=6.5 Hz), 6.28(1H, s), 5.86(1H, br. s), 4.61(2H, s)

21.3

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-1) (Process 14)

Sodium hydride (75 mg, 60% in oil) was added at room temperature to a mixture of 1-amino-3-(4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-hydroxyphenyl)-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-te trahydro-pyrimidine-2,4-dione (0.5 g) and 2-chloro-3-nitropyridine (0.35 g) in anhydrous tetrahydrofuran (50 ml). After stirring for 36 hours water was added and the reaction mixture processed. Chromatography on silica gel eluting with ethyl acetate:hexane, 1:2, gave compound 9-1 as a yellow semi-solid (0.1 g).

The following compounds may be similarly prepared:

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-tr ifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-32).

1-Amino-3-[2,4-dichloro-5-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluo romethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-33).

1-Amino-3-[2,4-difluoro-5-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluo romethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-34).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-5-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-35).

1-Amino-3-[4-bromo-2-fluoro-5-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-tri fluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-36).

1-Amino-3-[4-bromo-5-(5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-37).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-amino-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro-me thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-38).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-aminotrifluoroacetyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl] -6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-39).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-aminoacetyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-triflu oro-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-40).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-aminomethylsulfonate-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl] 6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-41).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-chloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluorome thyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-42).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-bromo-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromet hyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-43).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-chloro-3-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phe nyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-44).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-nitro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phen yl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-45).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-chloro-5-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phe nyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-46).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,5-dichloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluo ro-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-47).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,5dinitro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro -methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-48).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4,6-bistrifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl] -6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-49).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6chloro4-cyano-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifl uoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-50).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4,5-bistrifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl] -6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-51).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,6-bistrifluoromethyl-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl] -6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-52).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,5,6-trichloro-4-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl oxy)-phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-53).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,4,5-trichloro-6-trifluoromethyl-2-pyridyl oxy)-phenyl]-1-methyl-6-trifluoromethyl-2,4-(1H,3H)-pyrimidinedione (Compound 9-54).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,5-dichloro-4,6-difluoro-2-pyridyloxy)phen yl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-55).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,5,6-trifluoro-4-bromo-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl ]-6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-56).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3,4,5,6-tetrachloro-2-pyridyloxy)phenyl]-6- trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-57).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(5-bromo-2-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro- methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-58).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-chloro-5-nitro-4-pyrimidyloxy)phenyl]-6-t rifluoro-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-59).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-chloro-2-pyrdazinyloxy)phenyl]-6-trifluor o-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-60).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-chloro-6-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-61).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-fluoro-6-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-62).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-fluoro-6-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-63).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-fluoro-2-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4dione (Compound 9-64).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-65).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-66).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-fluorophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1 ,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-67).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(2-chloro-4-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoro methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-68).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-cyano-2,3,5,6-tetrafluorophenoxy)phenyl]- 6-trifluoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-69).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(3-chloro-4,6-dinitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifl uoromethyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-70).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(4-nitrophenoxy)phenyl]-6-trifluoromethyl-1, 2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4-dione (Compound 9-71).

1-Amino-3-[4-chloro-2-fluoro-5-(6-chloro-3-pyridazinyloxy)-phenyl]-6-triflu oro-methyl-1,2,3,4-tetrahydropyrimidine-2,4dione (Compound 9-72).

Some of the compounds of the present invention produced by the methods described above are shown in Tables 1-9. The physical data on intermediates including the NMR data is shown in Tables 10 and 11. The NMR data of compounds of the present invention are shown in Table 12.


PAT. NO. Title
26 6,652,628 Diesel fuel heated desiccant reactivation
27 6,623,549 Dye wafer retention in a desiccant container
28 6,616,737 Desiccant cartridge retention device
29 6,613,865 Thermoplastic desiccant
30 6,613,718 Aryl ether derivatives and processes for their preparation and herbicidal and desiccant compositions containing them
31 6,565,999 Desiccant-free heat and moisture exchange wheel
32 6,559,096 Desiccant composition
33 6,557,365 Desiccant refrigerant dehumidifier
34 6,539,817 Biological sampling and storage container utilizing a desiccant
35 6,534,571 Desiccant dispersion for rubber compounds
36 6,531,197 Desiccant barrier container
37 6,530,973 Air desiccant system and method for automotive climate control
38 6,511,525 Method and apparatus for extracting water from air using a desiccant
39 6,506,233 Desiccant tablets for gas drying
40 6,494,962 Method of using a desiccant for the substantially complete absorption of moisture from a spill location
41 6,493,960 Parylene coated desiccant sheet with activation strip
42 6,481,241 Accumulator desiccant bag and method of assembling
43 6,481,222 Desiccant based humidification/dehumidification system
44 6,479,435 Diaryl ethers and processes for their preparation and herbicidal and desiccant compositions containing them
45 6,474,098 Integrated condenser-receiver desiccant bag and associated filter cap
46 6,467,185 Potted timer and circuit board assembly for use in a regenerative desiccant air dryer
47 6,453,576 Control of solids deposition from used desiccant solution
48 6,395,074 Desiccant bag with integrated filter and method of making same
49 6,390,736 Desiccant feeder system and apparatus
50 6,382,880 Desiccant feeder system and apparatus

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